Cardiology  |  Red Flag Emergency


Red Flag Emergency

The following may indicate potential life threatening event in patients with dyspnoea

Consider acute referral when any of the following exist:

  • Altered mental status
  • Hypoxia and cyanosis
  • Hypotension
  • Abnormal pulse rate and rhythm indicating arrhythmia
  • Stridor indicating upper airways obstruction - difficulty breathing without air movement
  • Unilateral tracheal deviation and unilateral breath sounds indicating pneumothorax
  • Tachypnoea (>40/m) and intercostal/sternal retraction
  • Chest pain may indicate - unstable angina, MI, pulmonary embolism, dissecting thoracic aortic aneurysm, pericarditis, or pneumonia
  • Severe orthopnoea
  • Severe intractable oedema
  • Acute renal failure
  • Myocardial infarction within 2 weeks

Last updated : Friday, August 21, 2015
Next review date : Saturday, August 20,2016

Disclaimer: This site is intended to be flexible and frequently updated. While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, all information should be verified.