Cardiology  |  Heart Failure Pathway - Non-Cardiac


Heart Failure Pathway - Non-Cardiac

Differential diagnosis of non-cardiac causes of dyspnoea:

  • Pulmonary -pulmonary oedema, COPD, asthma, pneumonia, bronchiolitis, pulmonary embolism, pleural effusion, metastasis, aspiration, restrictive lung disease, pneumothorax.

  • Upper airway obstruction - croup, foreign body, epiglottitis, quinsy, glandular fever.

  • Central neuromuscular disorders - myasthenia gravis, Guillain-Barre syndrome.

  • Other - anaemia, metabolic acidosis, allergy/anaphylaxis, aspirin overdose.

  • Psychiatric - hyperventilation, panic attack, anxiety.

Last updated : Friday, August 21, 2015
Next review date : Saturday, August 20,2016

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