Sexual Health  |  Chlamydia Pathway - Provide information & discuss testing

Sexual Health

Chlamydia Pathway - Provide information & discuss testing

Provide the following information and advice to patients.

Information about chlamydia:

  • it is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and affects young adults more than any other age that it often causes no symptoms that if left untreated, it could have serious health consequences:
    • such as infection of female pelvic organs and infertility in some
    • emphasise that it is a curable infection early diagnosis reduces risk of complications and transmission

Chlamydia testing:

  • the importance of testing and treating sexual partners of patients with chlamydia
  • types of tests available, how samples can be taken, and waiting times for results (usually within 7 days
  • if potential exposure occurred in the last 2 weeks, repeat testing should be done after 2 weeks of exposure
  • if they are under age 25 years:
    • if they test positive, a re-test will be offered approximately 3 months later and that this is routinely recommended
    • annual screening and screening on change of sexual partner may reduce your risk
  • if over age 25 years, screening is advised if they have had a new sexual partner in the last 12 months
  • if dual nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT/PCRs) are being carried out, it is important to obtain the patient's consent to be tested for both chlamydia and gonorrhoea


  • advise patients who have symptoms of the need to start treatment without waiting for laboratory confirmation
  • duration of treatment
  • the importance of complying with treatment
  • possible adverse effects and interactions
  • that without treatment chlamydia can persist for months or even years, and may result in complications

Safer sexual practices and how to reduce the risk of getting chlamydia and other STIs:

  • advise patients of the importance of safer sexual practices and contraception (where appropriate)
  • always using a condom when having sex with casual and new partners
  • risk can be reduced by reducing the number of sexual partners and avoiding overlapping sexual relationships

Ask patients how they wish to receive results – text message, telephone call, letter, or e-mail:

  • two methods of contact should be provided to ensure communication.

Last updated : Monday, April 09, 2018
Next review date : Tuesday, April 09,2019

Disclaimer: This site is intended to be flexible and frequently updated. While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, all information should be verified.