Health of Older People
Uncomplicated Dementia Pathway - Differential Diagnosis
Normal age-related memory decline is characterised by:
- Subjective memory concern.
- Mild episodic memory impairment.
- Preserved procedural and semantic memory.
- Possible mild non-memory cognitive dysfunction (e.g. attention).
- No functional impairment or behavioural abnormalities.
Medical conditions associated with memory loss include:
- Mental illness e.g. depression
- Cerebrovascular disease
- Neurodegenerative disease e.g. Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
- Medications (e.g. anti-cholinergics, beta blockers, opiates)
- Substance misuse/dependence (e.g. alcohol, benzodiazepines, opiates)
- Brain tumour and infections
- Head injury
- Chronic pain, anxiety, stress
- Sleep disorders
- Thyroid disease
- Malnutrition, vitamin deficiencies
Last updated : Friday, August 21, 2015
Next review date : Saturday, August 20,2016
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